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What has been the most important success and largest failure of the HIV/AIDS response?

September 23, 2022

2min learn

Supply/Disclosures

Supply:
Healio Interviews

Disclosures:
Roque reviews no related monetary disclosures. Vermund reviews serving on scientific advisory committees for Immugen Pharmaceutical, Tevogen Bio and Viron Therapeutics.


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Click on right here to learn the Cowl Story, “PrEP at 10: Treatment ‘added a number of power to HIV prevention’.”

For the reason that first report of AIDS greater than 40 years in the past, the battle to finish the pandemic has seen successes and failures.

Sten H. Vermund, MD, PhD

We requested Sten H. Vermund, MD, PhD, the Anna MR Lauder Professor of Public Well being on the Yale College of Public Well being and professor of pediatrics on the Yale College of Drugs, and Annelys Roque, MD, infectious illness physician at Emory College Hospital Midtown, what they take into account the most important success and largest failure of the HIV/AIDS response. PrEP factored in each of their solutions—in good and unhealthy methods.

Success: The wedding of ART and prevention
Failure: PrEP uptake

The wedding of ART and prevention has been an enormous success.

Sten H. Vermund, MD, PhD
Sten H Vermund

We predict that radically expanded ART entry and use around the globe is probably going contributing to diminished incidence (in every single place besides Jap Europe and Central Asia) as a result of individuals dwelling with HIV are minimally infectious on ART. Early analysis and remedy are greatest for the affected person and likewise greatest for the group, making HIV analysis and remedy extremely price efficient, with each scientific and preventive advantages. Staying the course with a dedication to expanded testing, linkage to ART companies and assist with adherence to ART will repay in international HIV management.

Though PrEP has been a organic success in antiretrovirals and might block HIV acquisition, it has been a failure in stemming the HIV pandemic globally as a result of uptake and adherence have been excessive solely in high-income international locations and usually solely amongst males who’ve intercourse with males ( MSM). A significant analysis problem is how one can create demand for PrEP in venues of biggest want, notably in sub-Saharan Africa and amongst particularly weak populations around the globe. Black MSM and transgender girls within the US are examples of subgroups who may benefit disproportionately if PrEP entry and use might be elevated.

Success: PrEP, the place it’s out there
Failure: PrEP accessibility

I believe the most important success and largest failure are two sides of the identical coin.

Annelys Roque, MD
Annelys Roque

That is my first 12 months in Atlanta as an Emory doctor, however I beforehand skilled in San Francisco. The explanation I say two sides of the identical coin is as a result of one of many largest successes has not occurred in sure elements of this nation. In New York and San Francisco, for instance, PrEP is extensively out there, simple to acquire and is reaching the populations that it ought to attain — that is an enormous success for the final 5 years that I have been in infectious ailments. The opposite facet of that coin, nonetheless, which I now see that I’m within the Southeast, is that PrEP is wholly underused. A part of that’s as a result of that very same mainstream accessibility has simply not reached the South. I believe that’s most likely the most important failure that we’ve got as a result of there are such a lot of new infections that might have been prevented by PrEP.

I’ve seen each ends of the spectrum. I’ve seen individuals who can get PrEP at their native pharmacy, who do not want a session with a doctor, which in sure instances is how it’s in San Francisco, and I’ve seen younger males aged youthful than 25 years who’re newly recognized with HIV who, in a special world, ought to have been on PrEP.

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