Hong Kong is a developed society with the longest life expectancy on the planet. In response to the Census and Statistics Division, there have been 2.14 million seniors aged 60 or above by mid-2022, accounting for greater than 1 / 4 (29.4%) of the whole inhabitants. Analysis reveals that about one in ten seniors suffers from despair, a significant concern for native psychological well being points. Geriatric despair typically brings detrimental penalties resembling diminished cognitive skill, worsening remedy outcomes of medical issues, and better mortality among the many aged.
With the burgeoning growing old inhabitants in Hong Kong and the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the variety of aged affected by depressive signs lately has been rising. Research have discovered that aged in Hong Kong have proven considerably extra depressive signs than their counterparts from Taiwan and Guangzhou, but native consideration and help for these with gentle to average despair are very restricted.
With the funding help of Keswick Basis Restricted, a neighborhood venture aiming to advertise geriatric psychological well being utilizing Expressive Arts-based Intervention (EABI) was launched between July 2017 and June 2021 by the Heart on Behavioral Well being (CBH) of The College of Hong Kong . EABI is among the non-pharmacological interventions with a rising reputation worldwide. It refers to a multimodal strategy, which makes use of the creation course of of various artwork varieties (ie, visible artwork, music, dance motion, drama and artistic writing) to advertise private progress and therapeutic.
All through the method of growing old, modifications in a single’s life and wellness may very well be an indescribable expertise. EABI supplies a non-verbal method for the aged to specific their ideas and emotions. It additionally encourages them to make use of their creativeness and creativity to interrupt by the boundaries of growing old. With the emphasis on aesthetic appreciation, they may additionally study to understand one another’s magnificence and strengths. All these parts might assist improve the bodily, psychosocial and non secular well-being, in addition to the general high quality of lifetime of the aged.
To deal with the rising circumstances of geriatric despair and maximize the variety of beneficiaries, CBH organized plenty of public instructional talks to boost public consciousness of geriatric despair and inspired the general public to succeed in out to these in want.
The group additionally designed an EABI protocol for the aged, which consisted of eight 90-minute classes. The contents of the protocol have been delivered to the frontline staff of native aged facilities by a “train-the-trainer” strategy to reinforce their data and abilities in utilizing EABI to help the aged in want.
The coaching was delivered by two registered expressive arts therapists. It was a three-day program with a complete of 18 contact hours. The coaching started with an introduction of the prevalence and considerations of geriatric despair, in addition to the ideas of EABI, adopted by experiential studying of all of the art-making processes designed for the aged based on the EABI protocol. Facilitation abilities and considerations about conducting EABI with the aged have been illustrated. After the coaching, the frontline staff might develop into the venture’s ambassadors and have been required to conduct two EABI teams on the organizations they served to help the aged with gentle to average depressive signs. CBH additionally offered particular person follow-up to the aged who wanted intensive psychosocial help companies upon referral from the ambassadors.
Over the previous 4 years, the venture performed six public instructional talks, seven skilled coaching classes, 283 EABI teams, 692 particular person follow-up classes and 4 artwork exhibitions, benefiting over 2,207 aged, 260 professionals and 37,561 neighborhood members. The analysis group of CBH performed an analysis research on 1) the effectiveness of EABI in relieving the aged’s depressive signs, in addition to enhancing their high quality of life, perceived social help, and non secular well-being; and a couple of) the coaching effectiveness in enhancing the ambassadors’ altruism stage in making use of EABI of their work settings.
The collaborating aged needed to full a questionnaire earlier than and after the EABI, whereas the ambassadors wanted to finish a questionnaire earlier than and after the coaching, in addition to upon the completion of the EABI. Among the aged and ambassadors have been additionally invited to attend a spotlight group interview upon program completion to share their experiences with the analysis group.
The group efficiently recruited a complete of 1,089 aged and 260 ambassadors to take part within the research. The findings are as follows:
1. The quantitative findings confirmed that
(i) There have been important enhancements in depressive signs, total high quality of life and non secular well-being among the many aged after collaborating within the EABI. There was additionally a major improve within the common amount and satisfaction rating of social help.
(ii) Ambassadors’ altruistic angle and self-efficacy to use EABI of their work settings elevated considerably after the coaching.
2. The main target group interviews revealed that
(i) The bodily, psychosocial and non secular well-beings of the aged have been improved. The music and dance actions within the EABI offered them with a chance to train their our bodies, which helped improve the connection between their physique and mind. The art-making course of was enjoyable and enjoyable, so the aged might develop a way of accomplishment and specific their tales and emotions extra simply. It helped soothe their disagreeable emotions. The group additionally supplied them an opportunity to find the enjoyment of collaborating in neighborhood actions, which in flip strengthened their reference to others and enhanced their motivation to take part in different actions sooner or later.
(ii) The coaching program helped improve the ambassadors’ data of EABI, enrich their current abilities, and enhance their skill to empathize with the aged.
General, the findings of this research confirmed the effectiveness of the EABI in assuaging the aged’s depressive signs and enhancing their high quality of life, perceived social help and non secular well-being. Professor Rainbow Ho, Director of CBH, hopes that this venture will develop into a seed for EABI to be extra broadly accepted and utilized to the holistic care of the aged.