Chaithanyam Aathma: The Shaiva Tantra is the Vishwa Mahadarshana which taught us “The Soul is nothing however consciousness”. In Kashmir, which may be described because the epicenter or cradle of religious thought, Shaiva tantras shined probably the most. Therefore later, Sivadvaitha was even known as as Kashmir Shaivism.
Even immediately, Kashmir Shaivism shines because the Brightest Solar on India’s ethereal religious horizon. As Sivadvaita, Kashmir Shaivism has grown philosophically in addition to praxis. Its utility of it’s seen everywhere in the Indian subcontinent. It’s after we see the implementation of it connecting the northernmost Kashmir and southernmost Kerala, we notice how fantastically India weaves the material of a religious nation.
The key of Kashmira Shaivism is that Shiva, who’s pure consciousness adjustments unto the ideas of Kshiti (Earth) by means of Shakthi’s eclat (good show or impact). Kashmir Shaivism contemplates the origin, improvement and composition of the Shiva-powered universe by means of 36 ideas (Tattvas). Within the correct sense of ‘Tatvajnana’, after we hear Shiva and Shaivism, we really feel it as a spiritual system. Nevertheless, the way in which of Kashmir Shaivism doesn’t lead us by means of a merely non secular and faith-based path. Quite the opposite, we’re being introduced up right here by means of a exact philosophical plan like Samkhya and different epistemologies. nonetheless the Kashmir Shaivism does this not solely intellectually, as it’s seen within the Samkhya philosophy, however by incorporating the sadhana strategies to imbibe the philosophy internally, Shaivism lays earlier than us a scientific plan to infuse the pure consciousness of Shivam with the sensation that “ Yo soy”.
It’s mentioned that in India, there isn’t a philosophy that can not be put into follow, and when philosophy is put into follow, it naturally takes the type of rites and rituals. All of the philosophies that exist right here have this attribute, so they’re thought-about as religions. In that sense, Kashmir Shaivism may be thought-about as a Shaivite faith and in practicality, it’s seen in Kashmir Shaivism slightly than absolutist (referring to or supporting absolute ideas) philosophy, so they’re known as Tantras. Shaivism has a divine origin story in regards to the starting of the Tantras and the way it then trickled right down to sages and males. Even perhaps the Guru Parampara of Abhivaguptacharya, some of the well-known Shaivite thinkers, finds Shaivism as a approach to attain and be a part of Shiva lastly. That is an origin story that’s indigestible to western rationalism, however completely acceptable to anybody in India who holds a elementary concept that ‘data flows from God’.
Origin of Tantras
Initially of the universe, Lord Shiva appeared with 5 heads known as Chidsakti, Anandasakti, Ichasakti, Jnanasakti and Kriya Shakti and it had 5 faces named Ishaan, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Vamadeva and Sadyojata. These heads and faces signify the 5 phases comparable to creation, preservation, destruction, concealment and revelation. This type of Lord Shiva is called Swachhandabhairavan. From every face of Bhairava, every Tantra arose to light up the reality of The Universe. Later, just a few Tantras got here out from two faces. Then just a few from the three faces, then from 4 faces and at last from the 5 faces got here out all of the Tantras to type your complete Tantra corpus of Shaivism. Tantras are usually of three natures, Bheda tantras often known as Siva tantras which is of dualistic nature, Bhedabheda Rudra tantras, with monodualistic nature, and Abheda Bhairava tantras with monistic nature. The Tantra stream that flowed from Swachchandanathan flowed by means of Sreekantanathan to Sage Durvasa in Kali Yuga. The instruction acquired by Durvasa was to impart the Bhairava Tantra to all, regardless of caste, faith, class and gender. Durvasa, popularly generally known as Krodhabhattaraka, is a Mahasiddha of a really excessive yogic place. Nevertheless, the sage in Urdhvaretaavastha (a Yogic energy to carry or management the semen or to take it upward) couldn’t discover anybody certified to impart the good data he had acquired. Instantly, together with his Yoga Siddhi, he created a Manasa Putra (Mindborn). He taught Abheda Bhairava Tantras to this are named Tryambakanatha. He created one other two sons, Amardakanatha and Srinatha, and taught them Rudra Tantras and Siva Tantras respectively. He then created a daughter Ardhathrayambaka and initiated her into the Abheda Bhairavatantras. This technique, popularly generally known as the Ardhatrayambaka system, adopted a follow through which ladies taught solely ladies. It is usually believed that the Gupta Yoginis hold this follow in deep secrecy.
Tryambakanatha gave beginning to a Manasaputra named Tryambakaditya simply as sage Durvasa did to show Tantra. Fifteen Siddhas have been born on this order. The fifteenth one discovered an appropriate bride and gave beginning to a son named Sangamaditya, as his yogic energy was poor, and he failed to supply a Manasaputra. Sangamaditya gave beginning to Varshaditya, Varshaditya gave beginning to Arunaditya, Arunaditya gave beginning to Ananda, and Anandan gave beginning to Somananda. After Somananda, the legacy of Vidya shifted fully to the guru-disciple line. Somananda’s disciple Utpala, later Lakshmanagupta, and Abhinavagupta, probably the most celebrated grasp of the Kashmir Shaiva system, are all gleaming figures on this lineage of Gurus. The magnificence of the tantric system may be seen after we see how magnificently these hyperlinks of the Guru’s lineage are strung collectively. Thus the Saiva tantra scheme, which has flowed from time immemorial, adopted numerous means for the aim of realizing Siva.
After we discuss in regards to the Vedas, it’s thought-about as Apaurusheya. Apaurusheya means not made by people. Shruti is, due to this fact, Apaurusheya. When speaking about Tantra Shastras, Apaurusheya is claimed to be Agamam. Agamas are the tantras revealed instantly by Shiva. Malinivijayotara Tantra, Shiva Sutra, Vijnana Bhairava Tantra and so on. are Agama in nature. The Shiva Sutra was revealed to a Shaiva yogi named Vasugupta on a rock known as Sankaropala within the valley of Mount Mahendra. This refers back to the normal nature of the Agamas. It isn’t produced by the person the place it’s produced by the Supreme Being direct. Vasugupta later offered your complete essence of the Shiva Sutra as Spandakarika. Spandakarika, which was made to disclose the interior which means of the Agamokta Siva Sutra, later developed into one other department of Kashmir Shaivism. Spanda is the topic of Spandadarshan. Shakti is the heartbeat of Shiva. The Spanda Siddhanta says that the Shakti, which is the vibration of Shiva, can be the Shakti who’s the reason for the world.
The philosophical self-discipline which is made to verify the belief that one is Shiva is called Pratyabhinjana Darshana. A very powerful e-book in Pratyabhijnadarsana is Sivadrishti, the one which is written by Somananda of the Saiva Guru Parambara. Spandasiddhanta speaks in regards to the pressure of vibration. This vibration is the pressure that causes the universe.
Kramasampradaya expresses concord with the Spanda Siddhanta by saying that Shakthi is the pressure that enhances the universe to be so as. Krama is the sensible facet of Kashmir Shaivism at its finest. It’s a Shakti-oriented Tantra. Krama is the data acquired by the Tantra Yogi named Jnananetra with the blessings of Goddess Mangala. From Jnananetra, the Krama system unfold by means of three disciples; Madanika, Keyuravati and Kalyanika. Krama Siddhanta is the premise for making a Kshetra Padhathi based mostly on the Shaivadarshan plan. The order worships Kali within the type of Kalasankarshini.
Kramasampradayam envisions Kalasankarshini because the void inside the Para Samvit through which Shiva-Shakti resides. Kalasankarshanini is the creator and destroyer of time. The twelve features of this Kalasamkarshini are known as Dwadasa Kali. These are the twelve Kalis who’re the premise of your complete universe. The 4 Kalis exist on the degree of creation, particularly Srishtikali, Raktakali, Stishinasakali, and Yama Kali. Samharakali, Mrityukali, Bhadrakali and Marthandakali exist on the airplane of sustenance. Paramarkakali, Kalagnirudrakali, Mahakalakali and Mahabhairava Ghora Chandakali exist within the airplane of destruction. We will see Kalasankarshani because the composite type of these twelve Kalis. The superb factor is that we will see the expression of this Krama scheme of Kashmir within the type of temples in southernmost Kerala. 13 Sakteya Kavus in Kerala are Mannunpurathu Kavu in Kasaragod Nileswaram, Madai Kavu in Kannur, Kalarivatukkal Kavu, Mamaanikunnu Kavu, Thiruvancheri Kavu, Kaliyamvalli Kavu, Kozhikode Pishari Kavu, Thiruvalayanatu Kavu, Palakkad Kodikkunnathu Kavu, Thirumandhamkunnu Kavu in Malappuram Angadippuram, Pathanamthitta Panayannar Kavu and Thiruvalla Muthoottu Kavu. These are the 13 Kaavus in Kerala.
Pujanam in Krama Sampradaya (making shrines and performing puja kriyas there), studying and discussing Kathanam (discussing Krama-related matters) and Sankramanam (receiving data instantly from Parashakti in a better state) is completed in Kerala however, there isn’t a Kathanam for the worshipers to know what they’re doing. The good misfortune is that there isn’t a transmigration occurring as a result of lack of wanted data in Upasana. The historical past of the order or the battle that prevails in these Kaavus just isn’t adequately mentioned. As essential as that is to the Sadhaka neighborhood. Kramakali’s relevance in Kerala is equally essential to these looking for the cultural and religious existence of India. It’s on this context that the Tathagata Noetic and Tantric Analysis Academy, based mostly in Kozhikode, Kerala, embarks on an investigation into the importance of the Krama Sampradaya within the 13 Sakteya Kaavus of Kerala and in addition prepares a retelling of the Kramakali Stotra written by Bhairavaswarupa Abhinavagupta in his well-known Tantraloka.
The plan was to rearrange the Kramakali Stotram utilizing the ragas of Carnatic music, a South Indian department of music, and carry out it. As part of the target of making a South Indian expression of the Kashmir mission and taking part within the Nationwide Integration effort, on October 3, 2022, Carnatic music Vidushi Srila Sri Bhagyalakshmi Guruvayur recited the Kramakali Stotra and Kuchipudi dancer Vidushi Srila Sri Rachana Narayanankutty carried out Kalasanmankarshini’s Kalipravesha in Kuchipudi Natya on the Anand Nagar Sanjeevani Sarada Kendra in Jammu.
Shri J. Nandakumar, the Nationwide Convenor of Prajnapravrah, spoke on the subject of Nationwide Integration by means of Non secular Integration and Editor-in-Chief of Shivam Journal, Dr R Ramanand, gave a lecture on the relevance of the Kramakali system in Kerala. On October 4, 2022, the mentioned program was additionally offered at Ishwar Ashram Belief of Ishwara Swaroopa Swami Lakshman Joo Maharaj, Srinagar.
Kramanaya Pradipika was composed by Sri Lakshman Joo, combining Abhinavagupta’s Kramakali Stotra. His disciple Shri George Barselaar presided over this system. Shri Ashutosh Bhatnagar from Jammu and Kashmir Research Centre, Shri Avatar Ji, Maharaja Krishnan Ji, Shri Anand Tiwari Ji, Mrs Nidhi Ji, Shri Bhawani Singh Ji and others participated within the programme.
The world got here to India in the hunt for the elixir of Tantra. It’s unlucky that the folks of a rustic the place this perennial Maha Vidya has originated, stay unaware of its significance. Right now, if we have now to rely on international students and international universities the place Kashmir Shaivism is taught as an non-compulsory and core topic to be taught, it implies that we’re shedding our soul. The abode of Sharada in his deplorable stature in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, is an overarching trauma for patriots. Equally, Kashmir Shaivism, revered and thought to be ‘The speculation of all the things’, stays as a ache within the thoughts of practitioners for its uncared for stature within the nation. This Mahavidya must be discovered and propagated. It won’t solely profit folks of their private sadhana but additionally act as a proclamation— India is a religious nation.
(The author is Editor in Chief, Shivam Shaiva Shakta Tantra Journal)